Climate change impact on built heritage and cultural landscapes: modeling, risk assessment and strategies for safeguarding
Alessandra Bonazza *, Chiara Ciantelli, Paola De Nuntiis, Alessandro Sardella
Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Research Council of Italy (ISAC-CNR), Via Gobetti 101, 40129, Bologna, Italy
*Corresponding Author – a.bonazza [at] isac.cnr.it
In spite of the resources committed up to now in Europe, both at research and policy level, to strengthen cultural heritage protection towards environmental impact, further steps are undoubtedly needed in order to ensure the sustainable management and conservation of cultural heritage sites, structures and artefacts in facing climate change, particularly extreme events. Disasters and catastrophes pose risks not only to the conservation of the heritage assets with their cultural, historic and artistic values, but also to the safety of visitors, staff and local communities living on the site or in neighboring areas. This contribution will illustrate the current knowledge available from studies conducted in Europe and in Latin America on the modelling, risk assessment and development of measures and strategies specifically dedicated to the safeguarding of cultural heritage exposed to climate change, including extreme events. In particular , the Vulnerability Atlas developed within the EC Project Noah’s Ark and the WebGIS tool for risk mapping under implementation in the framework of the Interreg Central Europe Project ProteCHt2save will be shown. In addition, t he work executed in the perspective of climate change impact on the archeological sites of Panama Viejo and the fortifications on the Caribbean side of Panama (Portobelo and San Lorenzo) will be presented. Finally , the recommendations proposed in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 within the study DG-EAC “Safeguarding Cultural Heritage from Natural and Man-Made Disasters ” will be discussed.