Caribbean Climate-smart Architecture: Conservation for Sustainability
Arch. Patricia E. Green PhD
Arch. Tamara Wallace-Bradshaw
University of Technology, Jamaica Faculty of the Built Environment MPhil/PhD Built Environment
237 Old Hope Road Kingston 6
Jamaica W. I.
Caribbean weather is showing more activity resulting in frequency and intensity of hurricanes, earthquakes, and flooding. As a part of Small Island Developing States (SIDS), Caribbean islands are vulnerable to natural disasters resulting in much loss. The purpose of this paper is to show that architecture across the history of settlement in the Caribbean has evolved in order to cope with the vagaries of the Tropical weather. This paper will look at Caribbean architecture beyond stylistic interpretations, into how it may inform resilience in the sustainability agenda for smart architecture practice. It will present elements from the Indigenous, European, African, and Asian influences that all generated an intercultural Caribbean Vernacular Architecture responding to its environment. The aim is to demonstrate that there are lessons that may be learnt from Caribbean historic architecture. It intends to promote conservation of this architectural heritage in its significance as being climate-smart.